Many centuries Before Christ, the Aryans lived as shepherds and farmers north of the Himalayan Mountains. Because of three large population movements they also spread over a large part of Asia and Europe. A portion went to the West and became the ancestors of the Persians while others migrated to the south, through the plains from Afghanistan to Indonesia. In this country the immigrant population of the Aryans moved freely undisturbed while in the countries of the ancient India, other races came and merged with the Aryans.
An extremely rich literature in the old Aryan language (Sanskrit) gives glorious testimony to the highly civilized “India”, to which new residents are less eager to seek riches or wealth but prefer to increase power for inner growth and peaceful development. This manifested itself as an early and different cultural life.
In the ancient Aryans times there was no written down worship of the gods. They brought their homage by hymns and prayers, gifts of food and drink. In those days there were also men who better than others understood the will of the gods and therefore transferred their knowledge to others. They composed the songs of the Vedic books (Vedas), which consist of three parts:
1.mantra programs (songs)
2.brahmana ‘s (essays)
3.sutra ‘s (traditions)
Agni (the fire god), Indra (the rain god) and Surya (the sun god) gradually became the chief gods of the ancient people of Indonesia. Nevertheless, in the Vedic religion there was a desire to search for a supreme power. From the original religion of the ancient Indians, Brahmanism subsequently developed, where the Vedas were included.
Brahmanism is the religion that was led by the Brahmins, a priestly class of the “Indies”.
In Brahmanism, a distinction was made for four different classes:
1. Brahmins (priests)
2. Ksatrya’s (nobles and warriors)
3. Vaisya’s (farmers)
4. Sudra (laborers).
The priests emerged from the mouth of the deity, the warriors from the chest and the arms of the deity, the farmers from the torso and the artisans from the feet of the deity.
Brahma is the creator and standing next to him are the other two gods of the Indian Trimurti (Trinity), which are Vishnu (the maintainer) and Shiva (the destroyer). Brahma generally enjoys less reverence than the two other gods Vishnu and Shiva. Vishnu is the maintainer and his wife Laksmi, goddess of abundance and fertility. Occasionally Vishnu descends into the world and these descents are cause for the famous celebrations. The most famous are those of Rama and Krishna (Kresna). Rama is a warrior hero of the epic Ramayana. Kresna is the hero of the epic Mahabharata.
Sacrificing was of important value for the Brahmins because of this the forces of the supernatural powers were strengthened. Only at a later period, the opinion was held that the sacrifice had to be served to gain the favour of the gods. The once simple offerings gradually made place for more complex sacrificial rituals. Each part of the ritual was fearlessly guarded.
The goal of human life should be: to liberate itself from the material world and to blend in Brahms, the world soul. To achieve this goal, a lot need to be sacrificed. Great value was attached as well to self-flagellation and to exercise introspection. A single human life is not enough to reach this goal. Each time, after a stay in heaven (or hell), we are born again until at last we will sink into the world soul. If one cannot withstand the sins of life, the cycle of rebirths does not come to an end and subsequently the soul only has the chance to return as an animal or plant. A Brahmin has therefore travelled a big part of his life.